B.A. Brandeis University (Mathematics), 1966
Ph.D. Princeton University (Economics), 1971
August 1993 - Present
Professor, School of Public Policy, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland
Professor in the environmental program within the School of Public Policy. Teach courses in environmental, natural resource and other policy areas. Teach the policy analysis workshop, which is designed to give students the communications and other practical skills needed to apply policy analysis in real world settings. Students in the School of Public Policy pursue masters and doctoral degrees in public policy and in public management.
September 2007 - 2011
Affiliated Senior Scholar, Mercatus Center at George Mason University
Participate in seminars and other activities at the Mercatus Center. Study policy issues and write policy papers for publication by the Center. A main area of this policy research is the organization of local government in the United States, including the possibilities for its significant decentralization.
September 2002 - January 2003
Visiting Professor, Keio University, Tokyo, Japan
Taught an undergraduate and a graduate level course, gave several seminars, and otherwise participated in the intellectual life of the Keio Faculty of Law.
1975 - 1993
Member of Economics Staff, Office of Policy Analysis, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Policy, Management and Budget, U.S. Department of the Interior, Washington D.C.
Conducted economic and policy studies of Interior Department programs. Worked especially closely with the Bureau of Land Management grazing, timber and coal leasing programs and with the Bureau of Indian Affairs economic development and education programs. From 1976 to 1983, played a leading role in policy studies for development of federal coal leasing programs. Served on interagency task forces with OMB, the Forest Service, Council on Wage & Price Stability, Department of Energy and other government agencies. Generally performed staff functions for the Assistant Secretary of the Interior for Policy, Management and Budget and for the Secretary of the Interior.
June 1990 to August 1990
Visiting Earhart Scholar, Political Economy Research Center, Bozeman Montana
Received funding from the Earhart Foundation to undertake study (while on leave of absence from Interior position) of the long run implications for public land policy of the spotted owl controversy in the Pacific Northwest. Wrote several papers on environmental policy making and on the differing intellectual frameworks, implicit "theologies," and other value elements that often play a major role in environmental policy debates.
December 1987 to March 1988
Senior Research Manager of President's Commission on Privatization
Served (while on detail from Interior position) as senior staff member for Commission, organizing research and assisting in drafting of briefing papers. Drafted two chapters for final Commission report addressing federal low income housing assistance and the overview philosophy of privatization.
April 1986 to February 1987
Visiting Scholar and Federal Executive Fellow at The Brookings Institution
Wrote first draft of book examining the value foundations of modern economics, tracing the historical development of attitudes towards economic activities over 2,000 years.
September 1983 to February 1984
Senior Economist of the Commission on Fair Market Value Policy for Federal Coal Leasing
Served (while on detail from Interior position) as writer, researcher and senior economist of the Commission, which was created by Act of Congress. Wrote drafts of several chapters of Commission report and served as spokesman for the technical staff in meetings and other contacts with Commission members.
Consultant to Puerto Rico Planning Board
Conducted research and wrote study of low income housing problems in Puerto Rico.
May 2009 - Present
Nonresident Senior Fellow, The Independent Institute
Conduct studies and do research for The Independent Institute. A main area of concern is the role of religion in American public affairs. How does religion influence public decision making in the United States, considering both traditional religion and more recent secular forms of religion such as economics and environmentalism?
July 2006 - January 2007
Visiting Professor, Universidad Torcuato Di Tella, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Conducted research, gave seminars and otherwise participated in the intellectual life of the School of Government.
1995 - 2002
Nonresident Senior Fellow, Competitive Enterprise Institute
Was responsible for the public lands program of the Competitive Enterprise Institute. Conducted studies of various environmental policy issues as part of the CEI environmental program. Represented CEI in congressional testimony, radio and television media, and other appearances
January 1991 to May 1991
Staff Economist for the U.S. Senate Select Committee on Indian Affairs
Assisted (while on detail from Interior position) the Senate Select Committee on Indian Affairs in the development of legislation to promote the economic development of Indian reservations. This included bills to create enterprise zones on Indian reservations, to expand and simplify the use of tax exempt bond financing by Indian tribes, and to authorize greater contracting by Indian businesses with government agencies. Assisted in preparing materials for Congressional hearings relating to reservation economic development.
July 1988 to October 1988
Visiting Senior Fellow, Marine Policy Center, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Mass.
Received funding from the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution to prepare (while on leave of absence from Interior position) monograph applying the lessons of public lands leasing experience to issues in the design of a new leasing system for nonenergy ocean minerals. Wrote second draft of book begun at The Brookings Institution on value foundations of modern economics (published in 1991 as Reaching for Heaven on Earth: The Theological Meaning of Economics).
May 1987 to February 1988
Project Director for Preparation of Report on BIA Education: Excellence in Indian Education through the Effective School Process
Wrote most of 261-page report released by the Bureau of Indian Affairs in March 1988. Report prepared in coordination with and under the direction of the Office of Indian Education Programs, Bureau of Indian Affairs. Report provided comprehensive critique of BIA education and set of proposals for improvement.
May 1985 to March 1986
Chairman of Interior Department Task Force on Indian Economic Development
Chaired Office of the Secretary task force and wrote most of 265-page task force report (released in November 1986) making recommendations for government actions to promote economic development of Indian reservations. Task force report attracted coverage by The New York Times, Washington Post and other newspapers.
1972 - 1974
Staff Economist, Twentieth Century Fund, New York, N.Y.
Solicited and reviewed proposals for public policy studies. Worked with authors of Twentieth Century Fund studies, a number of which became published books (e.g., Fred Hirsch, Social Limits to Growth, 1976). Designed foundation program in land use studies. Undertook personal research on zoning, resulting in 1977 in publication of Zoning and Property Rights (MIT Press).
Assistant Professor of Economics, City College of the City University of New York
Taught urban economics and introductory economics at undergraduate and graduate levels. Conducted research on land use issues.